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Chemical Constituents

+Their Therapeutic Properties

Alpha-Linolenic Acid

α-Linolenic Acid is the parent fat of the polyunsaturated Omega-3 fatty acids. It is crucial for skin function and appearance.

  • Anti-inflammatory, which reduces redness, swelling, and dryness

  • Reduces dark spots / hyperpigmentation

  • Promotes wound healing

Betalains

Betalains are natural pigments in plants that also have therapeutic properties.  Prickly Pear contains the highest levels of Betalains of any known plant.

  • Antioxidant, which fights free radicals and slows the signs of aging

  • Supports the body’s ability to fight inflammation at the cellular level

  • Strengthens the skin barrier

  • Helps resist infections from bacterias and viruses

  • Stimulates cell production

  • Increases liver enzymes that help eliminate toxins

Eicosanoic Acid

Eicosanoic Acid, also known as Arachidic Acid, is a long-chain Omega-9 fatty acid.

  • Emollient, which softens skin and hair

  • Regulates production of sebum

Erucic Acid

Erucic Acid is a monounsaturated Omega-9 fatty acid.

  • Natural lubricant for skin and hair

  • Emollient, which softens skin and hair

  • Provides oxidative stability

Gamma-Linoleic Acid

γ-Linolenic Acid (GLA) is an Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid. Your body can make it from Linoleic Acid. Skin deprived of this rare omega-6 acid becomes drier, less elastic and more susceptible to lesions.

  • Binds epidermis cells

  • Builds cell membranes

  • Improves blood circulation, which brings nutrients and oxygen to the skin and removes toxins

  • Protects skin against infections

  • Counteracts allergies

  • Anti-inflammatory, which reduces redness, swelling, and dryness

Limonene

Limonene is one of the most common terpenes found in nature.

  • Anti-inflammatory, which reduces redness, swelling, and dryness

  • Antioxidant, which fights free radicals and slows the signs of aging

  • Anti-stress

  • Antibacterial

  • Antidepressant

  • Immunostimulant

Linalool

Linalool is a terpene alcohol - a naturally occurring substance found in approximately 200 species of plants.

  • Anti-anxiety

  • Stress relief

  • Anticonvulsant

  • Antidepressant

  • Muscle relaxant

Linoleic Acid

Linoleic Acids is an Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid. It is crucial to skin function and appearance and is an essential building block for ceramides, one of skin's main moisturizing elements.


Generally speaking, oils that have a higher percentage of linoleic acid are lower on the comedogenic scale and they are beneficial to those with oily skin and acne-prone skin.

  • Aids in skin cell regeneration and hair growth

  • Emollient, which softens skin and hair

  • Anti-inflammatory, which reduces redness, swelling, and dryness

  • Inhibits the formation of pimples and blackheads

  • Protects against UV damage

  • Reduces hyperpigmentation & evens skin tone

Oleic Acid

Oleic acid is a mono-unsaturated Omega-9 fatty acid.

  • Hydrating

  • Occlusive, which improves skin as protective barrier, locks in moisture, & reduces transepidermal water loss by creating a hydrophobic barrier over the skin

  • Emollient, which softens skin and hair

  • Stimulates hair growth

  • Antioxidant, which fights free radicals and slows the signs of aging

  • Boosts immunity

Palmitic Acid

Palmitic Acid is the most common saturated fatty acid found in animals, plants and microorganisms.

  • Emollient, which softens skin and hair

  • Smooths skin

  • Occlusive, which improves skin as protective barrier, locks in moisture, & reduces transepidermal water loss by creating a hydrophobic barrier over the skin

  • Antioxidant, which fights free radicals and slows the signs of aging

  • Helps form cell membranes

Punicic Acid

Punicic Acid is an Omega-5 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid. It is the only known botanical form of Conjugated Linoleic Acid, which is sourced from animals.

  • Antioxidant, which fights free radicals and slows the signs of aging

  • Protects against lipid peroxidation (degradation of skin lipids), which protects skin cells and membranes from environmental damage, UV rays, and pollutants

Ricinoleic Acid

Ricinoleic Acid is an unsaturated Omega-9 fatty acid and a hydroxy acid. It is the primary constituent of Castor oil.

  • Conditions skin and hair

  • Occlusive, which improves skin as protective barrier, locks in moisture, & reduces transepidermal water loss by creating a hydrophobic barrier over the skin

  • Relieves muscle aches and joint pain

  • Anti-inflammatory, which reduces redness, swelling, and dryness

  • Antifungal

  • Fights acne-causing bacteria and relieves acne-prone skin

  • Antimicrobial

  • Clears congestion

  • Boosts circulation and promotes hair growth

  • Balance hormones

  • Eliminates toxins by supporting the lymphatic system